Railroad Museum of Extended Island in Riverhead:
Even though Riverhead can be thought of the virtual conclude of Very long Island, it was only the commencing of the initially meant intermodal rail-and-sea link’s traverse of the North Fork towards the eventual cross-sound ferry connection.
Having its earliest-settlement name of “Head of the River” or “River Head,” the ultimately selected, one-term “Riverhead,” the ninth of Suffolk County’s 10 towns, was established out of the west finish of Southold on March 13, 1792.
Consequently separate and autonomous, it was injected with advancement with the arrival of the railroad and the incredibly station, crafted on July 29, 1844 and serving the South Ferry, Brooklyn, to Greenport line, was created on existing-working day Railroad Avenue. Irrespective of its by way of-purpose, it channeled its personal disembarking passenger to phase coaches, which brought them to Quogue and other south island locations.
Eastbound trains served the town on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, even though westbound ones, again to Brooklyn, did so on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays.
Mercantile, milling, and production, its common professional undertakings, catered to a 1,600-sturdy populace in 1875, the community boasting two grist mills, workplaces, twenty shops, 3 motels, and six churches.
Replacing the unique train depot, which was reworked into a home for railroad workers, a wood-framed just one, built by Charles Hallett and featuring scalloped trim and elaborate finials, was developed west of Griffing Avenue amongst 1869 and 1870. This was subsequently changed with a third, this time incorporating brick in its design, on June two, 1910.
“In the early 1900s, the east was a area of affluent potato farms in summer season and deep snows in winter,” wrote Ron Ziel and George H. Foster in their book, “Metal Rails to the Dawn: The Very long Island Railroad” (Ameron Dwelling, 1965, p. 158).
“From the time of its realization that the initial reason for its existence experienced vanished with the developing of the New Haven Railroad to Boston (fifty many years earlier), the LIRR has performed a significant job in acquiring the spots way out east,” they ongoing (p. 158). “… Organization and civic organizations all over the island joined with well known citizens, newspapers, and the railroad to boost journey and settlements on Very long Island.”
That progress, even so, was barely fast and when rails have been later on replaced by roads, the Extensive Island Railroad’s re-invented, intermodal transportation purpose experienced vanished, leaving the bulk of its passengers to commute to Manhattan throughout the mass early morning exodus.
In fact, by 1963, primary line support east of Riverhead had been reduced to a solitary day by day passenger and thrice-weekly freight run, applying the keep track of at first laid for the rail-to-sea url in the mid-nineteenth century.
Modern substantial-level concrete platform, which does not bear a solitary shoeprint on particular days and in specified seasons, was created amongst 1996 and 1997, but for rail fans, some of its historical past has been preserved at the Railroad Museum of Extensive Island across from it.
“The history of Prolonged Island can be traced in metal rails, which cross its various landscape-from darkish tunnels less than New York City to the farms and sand dunes of the East Close,” in accordance to its web-site. “The Railroad Museum of Prolonged Island strives to illustrate this record through interpretive displays from its archive of pictures and artifacts, and through the preservation and restoration of vintage railroad machines at its two places in Riverhead and Greenport, New York.”
The previous, consisting of a 70-foot parcel of land now owned by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, but leased to the museum, the moment sported a pump property, a h2o tower, and a turntable that was no more time dimensionally compatible with the more substantial, far more impressive locomotives showing up for the duration of Globe War II. Cornerstone of the intricate nowadays is a creating hailing from 1885 and used by the Corwin and Vail Lumber Property, nevertheless now serving as the museum’s visitor middle with a Lionel model railroad format sporting Prolonged Island Railroad coaches in various liveries, a cardboard and balsa wooden duplicate of the Riverhead depot, which commemorates its a hundredth anniversary, and a reward store.
Across from it is the Lionel Visitors Middle, that includes a various-observe layout with a Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey circus screen, a h2o tower that identifies the city as “Lionelville,” and 72 press-button activated add-ons from turning wind turbines to lighted manage towers.
Outdoors are two other design railroads: the G-scale Freeman Railroad and the advanced-circumnavigating and rideable, 1964-1965 World’s Fair prepare.
Crafted by the Alan Herschel Company, the 16-gauge prepare alone was an integral aspect of the fair’s Extensive Island Railroad Pavilion, following which it was used by Grumman Aerospace at its Calverton business picnic, ahead of staying applied by the village of Patchogue and ultimately getting donated to the museum.
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Because restored, its motor and a few cars and trucks, donning World’s Fair livery and marketing, “Ride the Log Island. Travel easy, your metal thruway to Reasonable Gateway,” run on 670 toes of monitor, typically departing just about every 50 % hour and creating three circuits. Rides are included with admission.
The crossing shanty up coming to it, which was originally positioned in Innwood, Queens, and protected guards from the weather, facilitated the manual reducing and boosting of gates when trains handed to hinder pedestrian and vehicular movement. Riverhead reverted to an computerized system in the early -1950s.
The Railroad Museum of Prolonged Island’s steam and diesel locomotives and passenger and freight cars are diverse and historically important. Whilst a several are displayed outside the present shop, most are positioned across Griffing Avenue, parallel to now active LIRR tracks and across from the existing Riverhead Station.
The gamers in the 1955 End of Steam Ceremony are on display below, though in different levels of restoration.
Time, distance, and engineering divided the steam locomotives from their passenger coaches a lot more than half a century ago, but the museum reunited some of them and they now stand only a several yards from each and every other, albeit in static, but restoring states.
As just one of the Pennsylvania Railroad’s Course G-five “10 wheelers,” motor #39, for instance, was built in its Juniata retailers in 1923, but its strong capabilities, expressed by its features, ideally provisioned it for everyday, demanding commuter line support: a 237,000-pound gross body weight, a two,178-hp cylinder ability, a 205-psi boiler force, a 41,328-pound tractive effort, and speeds among 70 and eighty five mph.
Mainly serving the Oyster Bay department, it was the final steam motor to journey to Greenport, in June of 1955.
Releasing its railway auto to the arms of an RS-3 diesel locomotive, number 1556, all through the Conclude of Steam handoff in Hicksville, it relinquished an era. That motor, a 1,600-hp Class AGP-16msc, provisioned with many device pace manage and created by the American Locomotive Business, subsequently served the Prolonged Island Railroad procedure for 22 years, whereafter it was ordered by the Gettysburg and Maryland Midland Railroad, and was eventually acquired by the museum.